The Outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury

Cover of: The Outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury |

Published by Futura Pub. Co. in Mount Kisco, NY .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Spinal cord -- Wounds and injuries -- Prognosis.,
  • Spinal Cord Injuries.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

Statementedited by Joseph M. Piepmeier.
ContributionsPiepmeier, J. M.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRD533 .O89 1991
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 205 p. :
Number of Pages205
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1537949M
ISBN 100879935103
LC Control Number91016309

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COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

Dura mater: gray outer layer of the spinal cord and nerve roots. It is made of strong connective tissue. Arachnoid membrane: resembles a loosely woven fabric of arteries and veins. This layer is thinner than the dura mater. Pia mater: innermost layer, a delicate and highly vascular (that means that blood goes to this layer) membrane that provides blood to the spinal cord and.

McKinley WO, Seel RT, Gadi RK, Tewksbury MA: Nontraumatic vs. traumatic spinal cord injury: a rehabilitation outcome comparison. Am J Phys Med Rehabil ;– 1. J Spinal Cord Med. Winter;23(4) Outcomes following traumatic spinal cord injury: clinical practice guidelines for health-care professionals.

cases of patients under 18 years at accident with The Outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury book traumatic cervical spinal cord injury admitted to spinal cord injury SCI centers participating in the European Multi-center study about SCI (EMSCI) between January and April were reviewed.

According to their age at accident, age 13 to 17, patients were selected for the adolescent group. Patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) are at risk of developing neurogenic shock that causes hypotension and thereby secondary injury to the spinal cord due to ischemia.

Hemodynamic treatment of patients with acute TSCI remains inadequately elucidated. Guidelines for management are divergent and based on limited evidence.

Pressure Ulcer Prevention and Treatment Following Spinal Cord Injury, 2nd edition. Outcomes Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. Depression Following Spinal Cord Injury.

Neurogenic Bowel Management in Adults with Spinal Cord Injury. Cardiometabolic Risk. Spinal cord injury can be traumatic or nontraumatic, and can be classified into three types based on cause: mechanical forces, toxic, and ischemic (from lack of blood flow).

The damage can also be divided into primary and secondary injury: the cell death that occurs immediately in the original injury, and biochemical cascades that are initiated by the original insult and cause further. Introduction. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious clinical problem for which only acute methylprednisolone therapy has shown to be protective, its efficacy is limited and it only marginally improves outcomes [].SCI is associated with a drastic decrease in quality of life for affected individuals [].Thus, there is a need to explore new therapeutic strategies to treat SCI Cited by:   With some exceptions (vide infra), this book does provide a reasonably updated review of many issues related to clinical spinal cord injury.

As expected in an edited volume of this type, there is a certain amount of duplication (eg, chapters 5 and 6) and occasional : Alan I. Faden. An outcome measure is a test used to objectively determine the baseline function of an individual at the beginning of treatment.

Once treatment has commenced, the same instrument can be used to determine progress and treatment efficacy. With the move towards Evidence-Based Practice (EBP), objective measures of outcome are important to provide credible and reliable.

Get this from a library. Outcomes following traumatic spinal cord injury: clinical practice guidelines for health-care professionals. [Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine.; Paralyzed Veterans of America.]. Spinal Cord Injury Overview Spinal cord injury is traditionally discussed in two phases: primary and secondary injury.

The primary injury refers to the initial physical trauma to the spine. That could be a car accident, diving accident, severe fall, or any other traumatic event. The primary injury refers to the initial physical trauma to the spine.

Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) has devastating consequences for the physical, social and vocational well-being of patients.

The demographic of SCIs is shifting such that an increasing. guidelines (CPG) on outcomes following traumatic spinal cord injury draw together the relevant literature on outcomes for various levels of SCI and their resulting impairment.

These guidelines suggest expectations of functional out-come,equipment needs, and hours of personal care and homemaking that may be appropriate to each level of injury. Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury - edited by Cristina Morganti-Kossmann July Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury. Neurological outcome following early versus delayed lower cervical spine surgery. Predicting neurological recovery following traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a complex task considering the heterogeneous nature of injury and the inconsistency of individual studies.

This study aims to summarize the current evidence on neurological recovery following TSCI by use of a meta-analytical approach, and to identify injury Cited by: 4.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a relatively low-incidence, high-cost injury that results in tremendous change in an individual's life. Paralysis of the muscles below the level of the injury can lead to limited and altered mobility, self-care, and ability to participate in valued social activities.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a relatively low-incidence, high-cost injury that results in tremendous change in an individual’s life. Paralysis of the muscles below the level of the injury can lead to limited and altered mobility, self-care, and ability to participate in valued social activities.

Etiology and clinical presentation of spinal cord injury in elderly subjects. Complications and mortality. Influence of age on outcome and length of stay for rehabilitation.

Aging following a spinal cord injury. References. Chapter 6. Advanced MRI strategies for assessing spinal cord injury. Introduction.

Assessment of macromolecular. Abstract — We intend to demonstrate that future treatment strategies in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation to restore function (SCI rehabilitation) should be based on the success of rigorous clinical trials with demonstrated effective g the course of neurological recovery, its mechanism, and its measures will be essential in designing and executing these.

Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) is symptoms of a spinal cord injury (SCI) with no evidence of injury to the spinal column on X-rays or CT scan.

Symptoms may include numbness, weakness, abnormal reflexes, or loss of bladder or bowel control. Neck or back pain is also common.

Symptoms may be brief or persistent. Some do not develop Specialty: Emergency medicine, neurosurgery. Background:Traumatic thoracolumbar spinal fractures represent approximately 65% of all traumatic spinal fractures and are frequently associated to permanent disability with significant social and economic injuries create severe physical limitations depending on neurological status, level of fracture, severity of injury, patient age and comorbidities.

Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Injury - edited by Cristina Morganti-Kossmann July For those with spinal cord injuries, exercise is effective in improving endurance and strengthening muscles. Flexibility, improved bone density, improved posture, and better cardiovascular function are also enhanced with exercise.

The type of exercise a person with spinal cord injury uses must be balanced against the risk of injury. I’m Ed. The frequency of spastic paralysis after spinal cord injury (SCI) has been observed to be 65–78% of individuals with traumatic SCI.

1, 2, 3, 4 Greater than a Cited by:   Conroy L, McKenna K. Vocational outcome following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord ;37(9)– [17] Chapin MH, Kewman DG. Factors affecting employment following spinal cord injury: A qualitative study. Rehabilitation Psychology ;46(4)– [18] Fadyl J, McPherson K.

Understanding decisions about work after spinal cord : Gillean Hilton, Carolyn A. Unsworth, Ruth Stuckey, Gregory C. Murphy. Traumatic spinal cord injuries are life-changing events. The combination of consequent general physiological impairment, multisystem malfunction, disabilities, a wide range of potential complications, and sensory impairment, together with the non-medical effects, presents challenges to patients, carers, and clinicians.1 Although recovery of the ability to walk does not Cited by:   Hall ED, Wolf DL () Post-traumatic spinal cord ischemia: relationship to injury severity and physiological parameters.

Cent Nerv Syst Trauma –25 PubMed Google Scholar by: 3. Spinal Shock occurs within the first 30 - 60 minutes following a spinal cord injury and while it generally subsides within the first 24 hours, it can last between 7 and 20 days.

This type of shock is characterized by the absence of all reflex activity, flaccidity and loss of. Drugs that attenuate apoptosis have been shown to be beneficial in animal models of traumatic brain and spinal cord injury, suggesting a potential for such an approach in human patients.

Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain becomes occluded, usually as the result of atherosclerosis and clot formation (Ch. 35). Organized in five sections, the book begins with an overview of the development, maturation, biomechanics, and anatomy of the spinal cord before proceeding with a discussion of clinical diagnosis and prognosis as well as natural recovery, ambulation, and function following spinal cord injury.

Effect of timing of stabilization on length of stay and medical complications following spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. Cao BH, Wu ZM, Liang JW. Risk factors for poor prognosis of cervical spinal cord injury with subaxial cervical spine fracture-dislocation after surgical treatment: A consort study.

understanding of the functional expectations following Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) relating to neurological level of injury. Key Points • The functional outcome of a SCI depends upon the neurological level and severity of the damage to the spinal cord.

• The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) assessment is the InternationalFile Size: KB. An estima spinal cord injuries occur in the U.S.

every year, leaving the injured people, their friends, and their family, to cope with the aftermath of the catastrophe. For many, navigating the challenges of the health care system can feel a bit like going to medical school. Suddenly you're learning a veritable cornucopia of new terms, and may be spending endless hours.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States, and, to date, no pharmacological agents are known to improve neurological outcome following injury. TBI is associated with a severity-dependent accumulation of intracellular calcium ([Ca 2+ ] i) lasting hours-to-days postinjury and driving apoptotic.

How can we make care for persons with spinal cord injuries or diseases (SCI/D) more evidence-based. Sincea group of 23 health professional, payer, and consumer organizations, funded and administered by Paralyzed Veterans of America, has made this question their mission.

It's a mission centered around evidence-based clinical practice guidelines: recommendations. Traumatic spinal cord injury in Italy 20 years later: current epidemiological trend and early predictors of rehabilitation outcome.

Marco Franceschini, Jacopo Bonavita, Lorenzo Cecconi, Salvatore Ferro, Maria Cristina Pagliacci, Salvatore Ferro, Mariadonata Bellentani, Marco Franceschini, Augusto Cavina, Jacopo Bonavita, Maria Cristina Pagliacci. Induced hypothermia or targeted temperature management has been studied as a potential therapy for improving outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to a lesser extent, spinal cord injury (SCI).

Hypothermia has been clearly demonstrated to improve clinical outcome following cardiac arrest. Preclinical TBI models have shown : Shamir Haji, Geoffrey S.

Ling, Geoffrey S. Ling. Systematic review. To systematically review the psychometric properties of outcome measures used to assess ambulation in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Vancouver, BC, Canada. A keyword Cited by:. Back Pain Relief and the Spinal Cord Stimulator Implant: How I went from a back injury to relief with a Spinal Cord Stimulator implant Russ Lawson out of 5 stars 3.COMT ValMet polymorphism is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder and functional outcome following mild traumatic brain injury.

J Clin Neurosci. Jan; PMID Winkler EA, Minter D, Yue JK, Manley GT. Cerebral edema in traumatic brain injury: Pathophysiology and prospective therapeutic targets.Spinal cord injury is so traumatic because while the body is immobile, the brain is intact.

You know what is going on. You know the full extent of the injury. But because you can think, because you are still the same person, you can learn how to return to your life—or begin anew.

Education becomes your lifeline/5(8).

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