Technological discontinuities the emergence of fiber optics by John Stephen McCormack

Cover of: Technological discontinuities | John Stephen McCormack

Published by Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Mass .

Written in English

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Edition Notes

Book details

StatementJohn S. McCormack, James M. Utterback.
SeriesWorking paper / Alfred P. Sloan School of Management -- WP #3199-90-BPS, Working paper (Sloan School of Management) -- 3199-90.
ContributionsUtterback, James M., 1941-, Sloan School of Management.
The Physical Object
Pagination18 p. :
Number of Pages18
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17938309M

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Sometimes technological discontinuities occur when radically different technological systems and working practices are implemented, with the possibility of widespread disruption and conflict. This book looks at this topical issue through the experiences of the international giants of the Finnish paper industry - an industry at the cutting edge of fundamental technological by: 7.

technological discontinuity. A longitudinal study of the cement (), glass (), and minicom-puter () industries indicates that when patents are not a significant factor, a technological discontinuity is generally followed by a single standard. Across these di-verse product classes, sales always peak after a dominant.

There is a great variety of terms used to describe the phenomenon of technological discontinuity and radical innovation (Green et al., ; Garcia and Roger, ).

Both terms are often Author: Gaston Trauffler, Hugo Tschirky. Abstract Abstract The creative destruction of existing industries as a consequence of discontinuous technological change is a central theme in the literature on industrial innovation and.

technological discontinuities involve the introduction of technologies that are so fundamentally different from existing ones that they draw on a different technology base, demanding new techniques and know-how and the development of qualitatively new technological capabilities within the innovating firm (Christensen, ; Rosenbloom and Christensen, ).

Technological discontinuities often create tremendous difficulties for incumbent firms. The most recent example of a technological discontinuity can be seen in the video rental industry, the change in content delivery methods has led to the bankruptcy of Blockbuster and ascendancy of companies like Netflix.

The first technology discontinuity is the arrival of IEEE for voice in addition to data. At first this does not seem to be significant, because Wi-Fi is not new and local PBX or IP-PBX.

TECHNOLOGICAL DISCONTINUITIES AND ORGANIZATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS To determine the extent to which technological discontinuities affect environmental conditions, we build on Dess and Beard's () review of environmental dimensions and examine two critical characteristics of organizational environments: uncer- tainty and munificence.

Technological discontinuities can lead to intensified technological competition or even to a complete breakdown of competitive patterns (Abernathy and Clark,Anderson and Tushman,Utterback and Suarèz, ).

Technologicaldiscontinuitiesarefrequentlydiscussedinthe literatureof business strategywith reference to anattacker and a defender - two companies separatedbya technological"divide". Technological discontinuities influence the value of resources underpinning established production and innovation processes (Tushman and Anderson, ).Technological change brings in industrial.

Technological Discontinuities and the Nature of Competition. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management: Vol. 12, No. 2, pp.

Technological Discontinuities in technology dramatically affect environmental conditions. There exist measurable patterns of technological change that generate consistent patterns of environmental change over time across three diverse industries.

While technology is but one force driving the course of environmental evolution, it is a. *The 50% discount is offered for all e-books and e-journals purchased on IGI Global’s Online Bookstore.

E-books and e-journals are hosted on IGI Global’s InfoSci® platform and Technological discontinuities book for PDF and/or ePUB download on a perpetual or subscription basis. This discount cannot be combined with Technological discontinuities book other discount or promotional offer. A technological discontinuity that includes a new threat or opportunig.

A technological discontinuip that involues a new generic technology which substitutes for rather than adds to the previous technology base Technological discontinuities book seen as being most disruptive.

The time actualb available for detecting the need to change and to act is limited by the market. Moreover, we show how intense competition in the wake of technological discontinuities, driven entirely by incumbents, may instead result in late industry shakeouts.

We develop and extend the notion of ‘creative accumulation’ as a way of conceptualizing the innovating capacity of the incumbents that appear to master such turbulence.

TECHNOLOGICAL DISCONTINUITIES: THE NOVEL RESURGENCE OF INDEPENDENT BOOKSTORES Although incumbent firms often hold significant advantages over newcomers, many find themselves unable to adapt to radical technological change (Christensen & Bower, ; Gilbert, ; Kapoor & Klueter, ; Rothaermel, ).

Cooperation Between Established Firms and Startups in Order to Address Technological Discontinuities - Kindle edition by Gebhardt, Tobias. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or : Tobias Gebhardt. Ryan Raffaelli set out to discover how independent bookstores have managed to survive and even thrive in spite of Amazon and other online retailers.

His initial findings reveal how much consumers still value community and personal contact. technological discontinuities are identifying and occupying new SEPs, and handling external and internal barriers related to the development of new competences and structural changes.

A further challenge arise from the uncertainty that occurs while new technological. The "e" connections (e.g., e-library, e-journal, e-book) as addressed, noting that these areas represent potential technological discontinuities for the library.

It is concluded that the SCC projects demonstrate that: prototyping is an effective tool to understand potential new services; reusable platforms reduce time to.

Get this from a library. Managing technological discontinuities: the case of the Finnish paper industry. [Juha Laurila] -- This volume describes how conflicting managerial actors become mobilized to co-operate in situations of discontinuous technological change.

These ideas are. bankruptcy filing by Borders Bookstore, widely credited to its inability to understand and strategize for technology-driven changes in the book retailing industry [Rosenwald, ; Trachtenberg, ], is stark testimony to the havoc that new technologies can unleash.

Confronted with environmental turbulence where technological innovation. When technological discontinuities and disruptive business models challenge dominant industry logics: Insights from the drugs industry Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol.

79, No. 5 Effectiveness of technology investment: Impact of internal technological capability, networking and investment's strategic importance.

Full text of "Technological discontinuities: the emergence of fiber optics" See other formats HDM 90 OEWEY, WORKING PAPER ALFRED P. SLOAN SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT Technological Discontinuities The Emergence of Fiber Optics John S.

McCormack James M. Utterback AVP # BPS August MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 50 MEMORIAL DRIVE CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS Technological. Technological discontinuities (innovations that dramatically advance an industry's price vs. performance frontier) trigger a period of ferment that is closed by the emergence of a dominant design.

A period of incremental technical change then follows, which is, in turn. Usually firms introduce new technology in an incremental way, wisely seeking to minimise the adverse effects which business and employees might face.

However, this is not always the case. Sometimes technological discontinuities occur when radically different technological systems and working practices are implemented, with the possibility of widespread disruption and conflict. This book looks. Competence-destroying discontinuities will be initiated by new entrants, while competence-enhancing discontinuities will be initiated by existing firms; (3) competitive uncertainty will be higher after a technological discontinuity than before discontinuity; (4) environmental munificence (i.e., resource availability and support for growth) will.

And then there are those larger non-technological discontinuities such as the 9/11 attacks or the global financial crisis of In my forthcoming book.

Default chance of large technological discontinuity. Discontinuities larger than around ten years of past progress in one advance seem to be rare in technological progress on natural and desirable metrics. 1 We have verified around five examples, and know of several other likely cases, though have not completed this investigation.

Technological discontinuities and flexible production networks: The case of Switzerland and the world watch industry * Amy Glasmeier Unrr~rs~t~ of Texas at Austin, Texas, USA The twentieth-century history of the Swiss watch industry illustrates how cultures and industrial production systems ex.

Innovation Streams start with a technological discontinuity, in which a scientific advance or a unique combination of existing technologies creates a significant breakthrough in performance or function. Discontinuous Change. Technological Discontinuities are followed by a discontinuous change.

a few examples of technological discontinuities reshaping entire industries (Manyika et al., ). There are, of course, many different forces of change related to firm adaptation.

Today’s turbulent business environment, characterised by rapid technological changes and increased globalisation, has swept away industry and market conditions that previously defined competitive conditions.

Such an environment requires flexible strategic solutions that respond quickly to these rapid changes. This chapter will therefore look at the need for dynamic strategy in today’s. In this book, Mazlish presents the three types of discontinuities and how his own discontinuity relates to the emerging world of technology.

The first discontinuity was from renaissance astronomer, Nicolaus Copernicus, he discovered that planet Earth is not the center of the universe but one part of a universal system, this discovery abolished.

This chapter describes the Technology–Organization–Environment (TOE) framework. It begins by presenting a description of the TOE framework and its constructs. Next, a brief review of studies that have used the TOE framework is provided.

What is Component Technology. Definition of Component Technology: Component technology refers to the use of software components for software development. Software components usually conform to a component model, and they are often hosted and managed by a component framework, which provides a controlled environment where components can be composed together to form larger applications or.

Technology shocks are sudden changes in technology that significantly effect economic, social, political or other outcomes. In economics, the term technology shock usually refers to events in a macroeconomic model, that change the production y this is modeled with an aggregate production function that has a scaling factor.

Book production. Main article: Historic trends in book production. The number of books produced in the previous hundred years, sampled every hundred or fifty years between AD to AD contains five greater than year discontinuities, four of them greater than years.

The last two follow the invention of the printing press in Technological Discontinuities and Dominant Designs: a Cyclical Model of Technological Change by P.

Anderson and M.L. Tushman, Technological discontinuities Order-of-magnitude improvements in the maximum achievable price versus the performance frontier of the industry. Schumpeter: „Innovations that command a decisive cost or quality advantage and that strike not at the. COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

The new technology, with high limits, will create a new S-curve (see below right). Richard calls this a ‘discontinuity’. In the book, Richard gives several examples of technology reaching its natural limits and then being surpassed by newer technology.

Combining insights from upper echelons theory, personality theory, and research on organizational responses to new technologies, we posit that narcissistic chief executive officers (CEOs) of established firms will be relatively aggressive in their adoption of technological discontinuities.

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